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UDC 728.03 (510)

© V. I. Luchkova, 2012

PRINCIPLES OF THE SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF A MEDIEVAL CHINESE CITY

The paper analyzed the problems of the modern history of Chinese architecture. The originality of the spatial formation of historical Chinese city is based on the original core element, the so-called Chinese. The variants of building up quad-rangles, ways of urban structure expansion are considered. The special role of axial symmetry in the creation of large ensembles, and the role of the median in the distribution of the main elements are described. General principles of pattern formation are discussed, as an example, at the settlement, the city center, residential area, the monastery cemetery and residential estates level.

Keywords: Chinese quadrangle, urban structure, axis of symmetry, history of the Middle Ages, median, expansion, Jian, Siheyuan.

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